In the wonderful game of cricket, where the contest between a bowler & a batsman is very competitive, fierce and absorbing, every now and then new rules come up to balance the both, bowlers & batsmen, so that this competitiveness continues & none of the party may have the distinct edge. In this reference, here I wish to summarize the different ways a batsman could get out as per the newest rules of the game.
RULE 1: CAUGHT
If any batsman touches or hits the ball with his bat/glove/hand holding the bat then the batsman can be declared as caught out.
This might be done by the wicketkeeper, fielders or the bowler catching the ball on the full before it touches/bounces on the ground. In such situations, the updated cricket rules declare the batsman out.
RULE 2: BOWLED
If the ball after being bowled, hits the wickets on the striker’s end - the batsman is given out (if at least one bail is removed by the ball), irrespective of the ball touching the batsman’s gloves, bat, body or his any other part. However, the ball should not have touched umpires or any other player before hitting the wickets.
RULE 3: STUMPED
A batsman can also be given out as per the cricket rules when the wicket keeper removes or puts down his bails/wicket while the batsman is out of his crease and not attempting a run (if he is attempting a run he cannot be declared a run out).
RULE 4: LEG BEFORE WICKET (L.B.W.)
If a ball bowled by any bowler hits the batsman without hitting his bat, then an LBW decision can be given provided the umpire could make up his mind that the ball would have hit the stumps if the batsman was not there. If his answer to this is yes and the ball was not pitched on or outside the line of his leg stump, he could give the batsman out LBW or Leg before wicket.
RULE 5: HIT WICKET
Cricket rules categorically specify that if a batsman hits his bails or wicket down with his bat or body after the bowler has entered in his delivery stride & the ball is in play then that batsman is considered out Hit Wicket. The striking batsman can also be given out if he hits his bails or stumps down while setting off for his first run.
RULE 6: RUN OUT
Cricket rules clearly mention that a batsman is out if he is not able to keep his bat or any part of his body grounded in the popping crease while the ball is in play and the wicket/bails are put down by the fielder.
RULE 7: TIMED OUT
A new batsman coming from pavilion should be ready to face a ball or be available at the non-striker’s end within three minutes of the (previous) batsman being given out. If any batsman is not able to comply, then the incoming batsman could be declared as Timed out.
RULE 8: HANDLED THE BALL
Cricket rules declare the batsman out if he deliberately handles the ball with his hand that is not touching the bat without the consent of the fielding side.
RULE 9: HIT THE BALL TWICE
Cricket rules specify that if a batsman hits a ball twice other than for the purpose of protecting his wicket or with consent from the opposition he is considered as out.
RULE 10: OBSTRUCTING THE FIELD
A batsman is out if he deliberately obstructs the fielder by his words or action.
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